Chronic Urticaria

What is Chronic Urticaria?

Chronic urticaria is a skin condition characterized by raised, red bumps called hives. It is a long-term condition that can last up to 6 weeks or more. Chronic urticaria is also referred to as chronic hives, allergic hives, chronic hives, or idiopathic urticaria. It can cause severe itching and in some cases, swelling of the face, lips, and eyelids.

Causes of Chronic Urticaria

The exact cause of chronic urticaria is unknown, although it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder. It may be triggered by certain foods, medications, insect bites, pet dander, pollen, or other environmental allergens. It may also be caused by a condition called chronic auto-immune urticaria, which causes the body's immune system to produce an antibody which triggers hives.

Symptoms of Chronic Urticaria

  • Itching
  • Swelling
  • Burning sensation
  • Red bumps or welts on the skin
  • Trouble breathing

Treatment of Chronic Urticaria

Treatment for chronic urticaria typically involves antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine or cetirizine, to reduce the symptoms. In more severe cases, corticosteroids may be prescribed. In some cases, light therapy, avoidance of triggers, and lifestyle changes may be recommended. In severe cases, immunosuppressant drugs may be necessary.