Necrotizing ulcerative gingivostomatitis

Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivostomatitis

Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivostomatitis (NUG) is an uncommon and painful inflammation of the gums and mouth. If left untreated, it can cause severe tissue damage and even permanent destruction of the affected areas.

Symptoms of Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivostomatitis

The most common symptom of NUG is painful, red gums that may bleed easily. Other symptoms may include:

  • Ulcers that form on the tongue, cheeks or lips
  • Foul-tasting drainage coming from the infected areas
  • Bad breath
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Difficulty eating or drinking
  • General fatigue

Causes of Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivostomatitis

The exact cause of NUG is unknown, but it is believed to be related to an infection with the bacteria Fusobacterium nucleatum. Other factors that may contribute to the development of NUG include:

  • Dental plaque buildup
  • Infections of the mouth, such as herpes
  • Hormonal changes, such as puberty or pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Immune system disorders
  • Smoking or other tobacco use

Treatment for Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivostomatitis

NUG can be difficult to treat, but treatment is important to reduce the risk of permanent damage. Treatment may include:

  • Antibiotics to fight the infection
  • Anti-inflammatory medications like steroids
  • Good oral hygiene practices
  • Mouth rinses or antiseptic gels
  • Surgery to remove infected tissue

Prevention of Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivostomatitis

The best way to prevent NUG is to maintain good oral hygiene. This includes brushing and flossing your teeth regularly and seeing your dentist for regular checkups.

Reducing stress, quitting smoking, and eating a balanced diet can also help reduce your risk of developing NUG.