Blepharoconjunctivitis: An Overview

Blepharoconjunctivitis is a chronic eye disorder involving inflammation of both the eyelids and the conjunctiva, the membrane that lines the inside of the eyelids. It is most commonly caused by a bacterial or viral infection and can occur in people of any age. Symptoms include itchy and inflamed eyelids, burning, redness, tearing, crusting, dryness, and sensitive eyes. Blepharoconjunctivitis is usually treated with antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and eye cleaning. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary.

The most common cause of blepharoconjunctivitis is exposure to allergens such as dust, pollen, pet dander, and mold. Other possible causes include bacterial or viral infections, such as herpes simplex virus or adenoviral conjunctivitis, eyelash mites, blepharitis, and environmental irritants.

Blepharoconjunctivitis can be very uncomfortable and cause vision problems. People with this condition may experience difficulty opening their eyes in the morning, irritation and redness, excessive tearing, and redness of the eyelids. Symptoms can vary from mild to very severe depending on the type and severity of the condition.

Treating Blepharoconjunctivitis

Treatment for blepharoconjunctivitis often includes the following measures:

  • Cleaning the eyelids and surrounding area with a mild solution of salt water
  • Applying a warm compress to reduce swelling and irritation
  • Using over-the-counter antihistamine or steroid drops to reduce inflammation
  • Using prescription eye drops, including antibiotic drops, to reduce infection
  • Using lubricating eye drops to reduce discomfort
  • Using eye washes to flush out allergens and irritants

If the condition does not improve or worsens with these treatments, your doctor may recommend more aggressive treatments such as antibiotics, steroids, or surgery.

Preventing Blepharoconjunctivitis

The best way to prevent blepharoconjunctivitis is to avoid exposure to irritants and allergens. Try to keep your eyes and eyelids clean and use cold compresses to reduce swelling and irritation. You should also be aware of potential triggers, such as dust mites, pet dander, and pollen, and take steps to avoid them. Wearing sunglasses when outdoors can help protect your eyes from the sun’s UV rays.