Moderate Onychomycosis

What is Moderate Onychomycosis?

Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail that appears when fungi enter the nail bed or area surrounding the nail. It can affect both the finger and toenails but is more common on toenails. Moderate onychomycosis occurs when a fungal infection takes hold in the nail plate, nail bed, or surrounding tissue, usually causing yellow streaks to appear on the nail. It is the second most common type of onychomycosis.

Signs & Symptoms of Moderate Onychomycosis

The signs and symptoms of moderate onychomycosis may include:

  • Discolored or opaque streaks in the nail.
  • Nail that is brittle or flaky.
  • Painful or tender to touch.
  • Foul odor coming from the nails.
  • Nail plate becoming thicker or thinner.
  • The edges of the nails becoming rounded or rippled.

Causes of Moderate Onychomycosis

Moderate onychomycosis is caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, and molds. These fungi can enter through small breaks in the skin that can occur due to athlete’s foot, injuries, or skin conditions. It is more common in people whose hands and feet are constantly in contact with water, such as in persons who are employed in the salon or frequent pools. Chances of contracting this infection can also be increased if you are overweight or immunocompromised.

Treatment of Moderate Onychomycosis

The treatment for moderate onychomycosis is aimed at eliminating the infection and preventing it from occurring again. Treatment typically involves the use of antifungal medications, such as terbinafine or itraconazole. Treatment also includes trimming away of the infected nail and surrounding tissue and applying topical antifungal medications. It is important to also take preventive measures to reduce the risk of recurrence such as keeping your feet and hands dry and wearing open-toed shoes.