Mild Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type

Mild Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type

Mild Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type (MDA) is a type of dementia commonly associated with the aging process. It is characterized by subtle changes in memory, thinking, behavior, and orientation. Changes in memory, thinking, and behavior occur because of degeneration of nerve cells in the brain, leading to a decrease in cognitive function.

People with MDA have difficulty with everyday tasks, such as paying bills, managing finances, and performing complex tasks. They may have difficulty with short-term memory, such as remembering recently learned information, or more long-term memories, such as recalling events from the past. Other symptoms of MDA include personality and behavior changes, such as apathy or depression; difficulty with communication and problem-solving; and difficulty with orientation to time and space.

MDA is most commonly diagnosed in people over the age of 65, typically in the late stages of Alzheimer's Disease. It is estimated that about 10 percent of the population over 65 has MDA, and the incidence increases with age. Treatment for MDA is aimed at managing the symptoms, slowing the progression, and improving quality of life.

Risk Factors

  • Age 65 and older
  • Family history of dementia or Alzheimer's disease
  • Presence of certain genetic mutations
  • Low educational level
  • Unhealthy lifestyle (smoking, lack of physical activity, poor nutrition)
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Depression
  • Head injury


The diagnosis of MDA is based on a comprehensive assessment, including a medical history, physical examination, neurological examination, psychological assessment, and lab tests. Special attention is paid to changes in memory, thinking, behavior, and orientation, as well determining any associated conditions or health problems. Imaging studies may be used to rule out other potential causes of cognitive impairment.


Treatment for MDA is aimed at managing the symptoms and slowing the progression of the disease. This can include medications, lifestyle changes, and therapy. Medications such as cholinesterase inhibitors, memantine, and other drugs may be prescribed to improve memory, thinking, and behavior. Non-drug treatments, such as cognitive training, physical exercise, and social activities may be helpful in coping with MDA.

Living with MDA can be challenging, but there are resources available to help. Support groups can provide comfort and understanding, while professional caregivers can help with daily tasks. It is also important to stay informed about the latest treatments and research, and to seek out emotional support for both the patient and their family.