Hormone levels

Hormone Levels

Hormones play an important role in our bodies. Because they are released in very small amounts, hormones can be difficult to measure. However, taking hormone tests can provide valuable information about your health and enable your doctor to assess potential hormone-related issues, such as infertility, obesity, thyroid problems, menopause, and more.

Preparation for Hormone Testing

Your doctor may ask you to avoid certain medications or supplements known to interfere with hormones before testing. Some types of testing may require fasting or avoiding other activities such as strenuous exercise beforehand.

Procedure for Hormone Testing

A hormone test requires a sample of bodily fluid. Blood samples can be taken from a vein in your arm in a process similar to other blood tests. Saliva, urine, and hair follicles may also be analyzed to assess hormone levels.

Types of Hormone Tests

Common hormone tests examine the following hormones:

  • Thyroid hormones – T3, T4, and TSH
  • Androgens – testosterone and DHEA-sulfate
  • Estrogens – estradiol, estrone, and estriol
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone – quantifying ovarian reserve
  • Progesterone – indication of ovulation
  • Pituitary hormones – such as growth hormone
  • Cortisol – indicating stress

Risks and Complications of Hormone Tests

Most hormone level tests are safe, with minimal risk or complications. The most common risk from any type of blood work is minor pain, redness, and swelling at the site where the needle was inserted.

Why Hormone Testing is Important

Hormones are chemical messengers that influence almost all processes and functions in the body. That is why hormone testing is important. It allows doctors to detect any irregularities that may be the underlying cause of get specific health problems and provide tailored treatment.

When to Get Hormone Testing

You should see your doctor if you experience any of the symptoms that may indicate a hormonal imbalance. They may refer you for hormone level testing to diagnose or monitor any potential hormonal issues. This testing may be repeated at regular interval to assess the effectiveness of current treatments.