Manic syndromes

What is Manic Syndrome?

Manic syndrome is a mental disorder caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors. It is characterized primarily by extreme mood swings, ranging from periods of great excitement, elation, or irritability to periods of intense sadness or despair. Symptoms may include decreased need for sleep, impulsivity, racing thoughts, increased energy or restlessness, talking very quickly, being easily distracted, and high risk-taking. People with manic syndrome may also experience bouts of delusions and illusions.

Symptoms of Manic Syndrome

Common signs and symptoms of manic syndrome include:

  • Elevated or irritable mood
  • Talking quickly and impulsively
  • Racing thoughts
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • High risk-taking or reckless behavior
  • Unrealistic beliefs about one's abilities or powers
  • Increased distractibility
  • Easily agitated or angered
  • Hypersexuality
  • Lack of judgment
  • Inappropriate social behavior

Treatment of Manic Syndrome

Treatment of manic syndrome usually involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Medications known as mood stabilizers are typically prescribed to help reduce the severity and frequency of manic episodes. Examples of mood stabilizers include lithium, valproic acid, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, and others. Antipsychotic medications may also be used to help reduce symptoms such as delusions or illusions. Psychotherapy can also be very beneficial in helping the individual to cope with symptoms and develop coping mechanisms.