What is Hyperphosphataemia?

Hyperphosphataemia is a condition in which the level of phosphate in the blood is too high. Phosphate is an essential mineral that plays a role in many normal body functions, such as energy production and cell membrane structure. When the level of phosphate in the blood is too high, it can lead to a variety of complications.

Causes of Hyperphosphataemia

Hyperphosphataemia can be caused by a number of different things. Common causes of high phosphate levels include:

  • Kidney disease- damage to the kidneys can prevent them from properly filtering and removing excessive phosphate from the bloodstream.
  • Certain medications- certain medications, such as diuretics, can interfere with the body's ability to regulate phosphate levels.
  • Excessive intake of phosphate- consuming too much phosphorus-containing food or supplements can increase the levels of phosphate in the blood.
  • Liver disease- liver disease can also interfere with the ability to remove phosphate from the bloodstream.
  • Diabetes- uncontrolled diabetes can lead to a build-up of phosphate in the bloodstream.

Symptoms of Hyperphosphataemia

The most common symptoms of hyperphosphataemia include:

  • Mental confusion
  • Muscle weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Tremors
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Irritability
  • Abdominal pain
  • Joint pain

Treatment of Hyperphosphataemia

Treatment of hyperphosphataemia varies depending on the underlying cause. If the condition is caused by a kidney disorder, medications may be needed to improve or maintain kidney function. If the condition is caused by the overconsumption of phosphate-containing foods, dietary modification may be necessary to reduce phosphate intake.

In some cases, dialysis may be necessary to remove phosphate from the bloodstream and keep levels from becoming too high. If the condition is caused by medications, the doctor may suggest changing the dosage or switching to another medication. Regardless of the cause, medications and dietary modifications may be necessary to manage hyperphosphataemia.