Gonococcal cervicitis

Gonococcal Cervicitis

Gonococcal Cervicitis (GC) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae, also known as gonorrhea. GC is a common STI that can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can lead to long-term gynecologic complications, such as infertility, increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain.

GC is typically spread through sexual contact with an infected partner. It can also be transmitted from mother to child during delivery. Symptoms of GC can include abnormal vaginal discharge, pain, or itching. Other symptoms may include lower abdominal pain, pain during urination, heavy periods, pain during intercourse, and swollen lymph nodes in the groin.

Diagnosis of GC is made based on clinical signs after careful examination of the cervix and vagina. It is important to note that most cases are asymptomatic, and a minority of cases will require laboratory testing for confirmation. Treatment of GC involves antibiotics, usually given through a one-time injection.

For those diagnosed with GC, it is important to inform any and all sexual partners immediately to prevent spread. Additionally, resources are available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to help ensure proper treatment and prevention of further transmission. Some tips for prevention include:

  • Practicing safe sex with a condom or other barrier device, including during oral sex.
  • Limiting the number of sexual partners.
  • Having regular STD screenings.
  • Getting tested, and treated for, Gonococcal Cervicitis as soon as possible after it is diagnosed.

If you think you may have contracted GC, it is important to contact a healthcare provider as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent long-term complications. Most often, a single dose of antibiotics is enough to successfully treat GC, but additional treatments may be necessary in some cases.