Dientamoeba fragilis infection

What is Dientamoeba fragilis Infection?

Dientamoeba fragilis (Df) is a single-celled, microscopic parasite that, although considered to be relatively harmless, can cause an intestinal infection. It is one of the most common parasites infecting humans worldwide and can be found in all age groups.

Common Symptoms of Dientamoeba fragilis Infection

Infection with D. fragilis may not cause any symptoms, or it may lead to mild to moderate gastrointestinal disturbances including:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss

How Dientamoeba fragilis is Transmitted?

The mode of transmission of D. fragilis is still uncertain and under debate, but it is believed to be acquired through the ingestion of contaminated food or water. The parasite is resistant to many environmental conditions, making it difficult to eradicate.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Dientamoeba Fragilis Infection

The diagnosis of Dientamoeba fragilis infection is usually made by microscopic examination of a stool sample. Treatment typically involves taking antibiotics and anti-parasitic medications. In order to reduce the risk of further infection, it is important to practice good hygiene and to boil or filter water before drinking it.