Refractory exogenous obesity

What is Refractory Exogenous Obesity?

Refractory exogenous obesity is a type of obesity that is caused by lifestyle choices, primarily related to diet. It brings about unexpected, rapid, and continuous weight gain that does not respond to typical efforts to lose weight.

People experiencing refractory exogenous obesity may find their weight gain to be out of proportion to their caloric intake and their activity levels. In addition, it may result in higher risks for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and certain cancers.

What Causes Refractory Exogenous Obesity?

The primary cause of refractory exogenous obesity is simple overeating. Overeating can occur when someone eats more calories than they burn each day and causes their body to store fat as a result. This stored fat leads to weight gain.

Other causes of refractory exogenous obesity can include:

  • Eating foods high in sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats
  • Physical inactivity
  • Lack of sleep
  • Psychological stress or trauma
  • Genetic factors
  • Certain medications.

Risks of Refractory Exogenous Obesity

People with refractory exogenous obesity are more at risk for some serious health conditions, such as:

  • Cardiovascular disease, including heart attack and stroke
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Respiratory problems
  • Certain types of cancer, such as breast and colon cancer
  • Psychological issues, such as depression and anxiety

Treating Refractory Exogenous Obesity

Treatment for refractory exogenous obesity typically involves lifestyle changes, such as:

  • Making healthy dietary choices
  • Regular physical activity
  • Getting adequate sleep
  • Managing stress levels
  • Seeking professional help for any psychological issues

In addition, medications and surgery are available as options for more serious cases of obesity that do not respond to lifestyle changes. These treatments should always be discussed with a doctor before beginning.