Acute infection caused by Salmonella typhi

Acute Infection Caused by Salmonella typhi

Salmonella typhi, also known as S. typhi, is a pathogenic bacterium that causes the disease known as typhoid fever. Typhoid fever is an acute, potentially life-threatening infection that occurs in developing countries around the world. It is spread through contaminated water and food. People who consume food or water contaminated with Salmonella typhi can develop a severe fever, abdominal pain, and weakness. The infection can progress to become life-threatening if not treated with antibiotics.

The bacteria enter the body through the digestive system and spread throughout the body, where they attack the organs and tissues. They can cause a rash, severe diarrhea, and increased risk of infecting other people. In some cases, they can cause life-threatening complications such as enteric fever, which is an infection of the intestine.

Some of the signs and symptoms of typhoid fever include:

  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Lethargy and fatigue
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Abdominal pain and discomfort
  • Rash on the abdomen and chest
  • Enlarged liver or spleen

The bacteria can be diagnosed with a blood test and treated with antibiotics. Without treatment, complications such as perforation of the intestine, pancreatitis, or septicaemia, can occur. It is important to note that typhoid fever can be prevented by avoiding drinking contaminated water, eating undercooked food, and washing hands often.