Vulvovaginal mycotic infection

Vulvovaginal Mycotic Infections: An Overview

Vulvovaginal mycotic infections are caused by fungal organisms such as Candida albicans. They are among the most common types of vaginal infections, affecting up to 75% of women in their lifetime. Common symptoms of vulvovaginal mycotic infections include itching, burning and abnormal vaginal discharge. While most women will experience these symptoms at some point in their lives, more severe cases can lead to inflammation, irritation, pain and swelling.

This type of infection is often treated with antifungal medications and creams that are applied directly to the affected area. In more severe cases, oral medications may be necessary. It’s important to note, however, that even after successful treatment, there is still a risk of reinfection. Therefore, it’s important to practice good hygiene, wear loose fitting clothing and practice safe sex to reduce the risk of developing recurrent infections.

Signs and Symptoms

The most common symptoms of vulvovaginal mycotic infections include:

  • Itching
  • Burning
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Redness and swelling of the vulva area
  • Pain during sex
  • Pain urinating

Risk Factors

Risk factors for developing vulvovaginal mycotic infections include:

  • Use of broad-spectrum antibiotics
  • Birth control pills
  • Diabetes
  • Immune system disorders
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Stress
  • Tight-fitting clothing
  • Wearing damp or wet clothing for a prolonged period of time
  • Using douches
  • Using scented tampons or pads
  • Unprotected sex


Treatment for vulvovaginal mycotic infections often involves antifungal medications and creams that are applied directly to the area. Oral medications may be prescribed for more severe cases. Recurring infections may require more aggressive treatment such as long-term use of antifungal medications. It’s important to take all medications as prescribed to ensure that the infection is properly treated.


Good hygiene, wearing loose-fitting clothing and practicing safe sex are all important steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of developing vulvovaginal mycotic infections. Additionally, avoiding douches, scented pads and tampons and limiting the use of antibiotics can all help to reduce the risk.