Urine alkalinization therapy

Urine Alkalinization Therapy

Urine alkalinization therapy is the use of drugs to raise the alkalinity of urine. This therapy is most commonly used to increase the excretion of acidic drugs from the body. By lowering the acidity of urine, more of the drug will be eliminated in a shorter period of time than if the urine remained acidic.

The drugs used in urine alkalinization therapy are known as alkalinizers. These include sodium bicarbonate, potassium citrate, ammonium chloride, magnesium oxide, and sodium lactate. Each of these drugs works by increasing the pH or alkalinity of the urine. By increasing the pH, more of the drug will be eliminated from the body in a shorter period of time.

Urine alkalinization therapy is most often used to treat a variety of conditions, including urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and overdose of certain drugs. It may also be used to treat hyperammonemia and hypercalciuria.

Benefits of Urine Alkalinization Therapy

  • Provides a more efficient removal of acidic drugs from the body.
  • Decreases the risk of certain side effects from acidic drugs
  • Can help to speed up recovery time in drug overdose
  • Can help with the prevention and treatment of urinary tract infections
  • May be used to treat hyperammonemia and hypercalciuria

Risks of Urine Alkalinization Therapy

The primary risk of urine alkalinization therapy is that it may lead to acidosis, a condition in which the body’s acid-base balance is severely disrupted. This condition can be dangerous and can lead to dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and changes in blood pH. Other risks include an increased risk of kidney stones, calcium phosphate precipitation, and crystallization of urinary components.

Before starting urine alkalinization therapy, it is important to speak to your doctor about any potential risks and side effects. Your doctor can also advise you on the appropriate dosage and duration of treatment.