Uncomplicated Malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum

Uncomplicated Malaria Caused by Plasmodium Falciparum

Malaria is a deadly infectious disease caused by the Plasmodium Falciparum parasite. Malaria is transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito, which also carries the Plasmodium Falciparum parasite. It is the most common form of malaria, and affects approximately 85% of the world's malaria patients.

Malaria is characterised by severe fever, chills, headaches, anemia, and extreme fatigue. If left untreated, the disease can quickly turn into a life-threatening condition. Plasmodium Falciparum is considered the most severe form of malaria due to the intensity and rapidity of its symptoms.

The most effective way to prevent uncomplicated malaria caused by Plasmodium Falciparum is to protect oneself from mosquito bites. Mosquito nets and other types of effective insect repellents can be used to avoid mosquito bites. It is also important to use the correct dosage of antimalarial drugs to prevent the parasite from multiplying in the body.

Fortunately, uncomplicated malaria caused by Plasmodium Falciparum is usually treatable. Depending on the age of the patient and severity of the illness, antimalarial medicines are usually taken for several days. Common antimalarial treatments include chloroquine, mefloquine, and atovaquone-proguanil.

Severe cases should be treated by medical experts as soon as possible, as the disease can cause a variety of complications, such as coma, breathing difficulty, and even organ damage. Patients suffering from Plasmodium Falciparum can benefit from supportive treatment such as fluid, oxygen, and blood transfusion, as well as medications to treat anemia or reduce fever.

Precautions to Take to Prevent Plasmodium Falciparum:

  • Long-sleeved clothing: Wear long sleeved clothing to prevent being bitten by mosquitoes.
  • Insecticides: Use insecticides in and around the home to kill mosquitoes.
  • Mosquito nets: Bednets can be used to keep away mosquitoes from biting in the night.
  • Preventive therapies: Using preventative therapies like antimalarial medicines, such as chloroquine and mefloquine, can also help reduce the risk of acquiring malaria.
  • Avoid mosquito breeding sites: Avoid standing water where mosquitoes breed, particularly in and around the home.