Uncomplicated Gonorrhea caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae

What is Gonorrhea and What is Causing It?

Gonorrhea, also known clinically as Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection. It is spread from person to person through sexual activity, including oral, vaginal, and anal sex. The bacteria that cause gonorrhea are found most often in the mucous membranes of the genital area, as well as in the mouth, throat, and rectum.

Despite its prevalence, it's not always a straightforward diagnosis. Its symptoms can be mild, and an infected person may not even know that they have it. Without proper diagnosis and treatment, gonorrhea can even cause serious health complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and chronic pelvic pain.

What are the Symptoms of Gonorrhea?

In some cases, symptoms will appear two to three days after the infection, although it may take up to two weeks for symptoms to show. Symptoms can be different for both sexes, though they tend to be similar. These include:

  • A burning sensation during urination or unusual discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Painful or swollen testicles
  • Bleeding between periods in females
  • Anal itching, soreness, or bleeding
  • Painful bowel movements

How is Gonorrhea Treated?

Gonorrhea is usually treated with antibiotics, either in pill or injection form. Your healthcare provider will decide which antibiotic is best for you. It is important to take all the prescribed medication to ensure that the bacteria is no longer present in your body. In some cases, a second dose may be needed.

It's important to remember to abstain from any sexual activities while you're being treated for gonorrhea to avoid reinfecting yourself or spreading the infection to others.