Hemofiltration is a type of extracorporeal therapy that can be used to remove substances from a patients’ bloodstream, such as fluid, electrolytes, toxins, and medications. It is a type of dialysis, but is different in that it does not use a membrane to separate the patient’s blood from the dialysate. Instead, it uses a special filter and techniques to force the patients’ plasma through the filter.

Hemofiltration is often used when patients have acute renal failure, as it can quickly correct their fluid volume and electrolyte balance. It is also used to remove toxins, reducing the workload of the kidneys. Hemofiltration may also be used when a patient has infections that can be treated with antibiotics, as well as for the removal of cell waste products.

Benefits of Hemofiltration

Hemofiltration can reduce the risk of electrolyte imbalances, dehydration, and shock. It also can remove toxins and is more effective than hemodialysis in removing large molecules. Additionally, hemofiltration can provide a better quality of life and increased longevity for patients.

Risks of Hemofiltration

Although hemofiltration is generally safe, there are some potential risks associated with the procedure. These can include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Hypotension
  • Electrolyte imbalances
  • Air embolism
  • Clotting

Patients should discuss the risks and benefits of hemofiltration with their healthcare provider.