Symptomatic Trichomoniasis

Understanding Symptomatic Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a parasite known as Trichomonas vaginalis. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and can be spread through sexual contact with someone who already has the infection.

Symptomatic trichomoniasis occurs when the infected person shows signs and symptoms, although it is possible to be infected without any symptoms. Most people who are infected with trichomoniasis never develop obvious symptoms. However, some people can experience uncomfortable symptoms that may worsen over time if not treated.

Symptoms of Symptomatic Trichomoniasis

Symptoms of symptomatic trichomoniasis can vary from person to person. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Painful or burning sensation during urination
  • Painful or uncomfortable sex
  • Itching and/or irritation of the genitals
  • Redness of the genitals
  • Thin, milky discharge with a strong smell

In some cases, the infection can also spread to other organs, such as the anus, rectum, or throat. Symptoms may also include pus-filled bumps or blisters in these areas. It is important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other types of infections and should be assessed by a healthcare professional.

Complications of Symptomatic Trichomoniasis

If left untreated, trichomoniasis can lead to serious complications, such as:

  • Increased risk of HIV infection
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Infertility
  • Low birth weight in infants of mothers infected during pregnancy

It is important to remember that people with asymptomatic trichomoniasis are just as infectious as those with symptomatic trichomoniasis, and the infection can still lead to complications.

Treatment for Symptomatic Trichomoniasis

The good news is that there is effective treatment for symptomatic trichomoniasis. Treatment typically involves a single dose of oral antibiotics, such as metronidazole or tinidazole. In some cases, the antibiotic may need to be taken for longer than a single dose.

After treatment, it is important for those with symptomatic trichomoniasis to have regular follow-up visits with their healthcare provider in order to monitor symptoms and prevent reinfection. Treatment of sexual partners is also recommended.