symptomatic Hypertension

What is Symptomatic Hypertension?

Symptomatic hypertension refers to a condition in which a person experiences high blood pressure with associated symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, nausea, chest pain, blurred vision and even fainting spells. These symptoms usually occur when the blood pressure is higher than 180/120 mm Hg. It is important to note that hypertensive emergency occurs when blood pressure readings are more than 180/120 mm Hg and it can be dangerous if left untreated.

Causes of Symptomatic Hypertension

The exact cause of symptomatic hypertension is unknown, however, there are several factors that can increase the risk of developing it. These include genetic predisposition, age, obesity, smoking, chronic stress, unhealthy lifestyle and certain medical conditions like kidney disease, diabetes, and adrenal gland problems.

Symptoms of Symptomatic Hypertension

The most common symptoms of symptomatic hypertension include:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations
  • Fainting spells
  • Fatigue
  • Nosebleeds
  • Loss of consciousness

Diagnosis and Treatment of Symptomatic Hypertension

If a person is experiencing the symptoms of symptomatic hypertension, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible. A doctor will perform a physical examination and order tests such as an ultrasound or CT scan to assess the extent of the condition and rule out any other potential causes of the symptoms.

Once the diagnosis is made, the doctor will prescribe medications to control the high blood pressure and reduce the symptoms. The treatment may also include lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, reducing stress, and quitting smoking. In some cases, additional medications may be needed to manage other conditions associated with symptomatic hypertension.