Sore gums

What are Sore Gums?

Sore gums, also referred to as ‘gingival soreness’, is an inflammation of the soft tissue surrounding the teeth. It is usually caused by poor oral hygiene, irritation from dental instruments, food particles, an allergic reaction, or periodontal disease. Other causes may include trauma, chemotherapy, or the use of certain medications that can cause a reaction in the mouth.

Signs and Symptoms of Sore Gums

The most common signs of sore gums include redness, swelling, and tenderness around one or several teeth. Other symptoms may include bleeding when brushing, pain when chewing, and bad breath. If the problem persists for more than a few days, it is important to see a dentist as soon as possible.

Causes of Sore Gums

  • Poor oral hygiene - Plaque and tartar can build up on teeth and contribute to gum inflammation.
  • Irritation from dental tools - Sharp tools used for cleaning may cause irritation, leading to sore gums.
  • Ill-fitting dentures or braces - Improperly-fitted devices may cause obstruction or irritation.
  • Food particles trapped near the gums - Tiny pieces of food caught between the teeth may cause the gums to become sore and red.
  • Allergic reactions - Some people may have an allergic reaction to certain materials used in dental work.
  • Periodontal disease - If not treated, gum disease can lead to severe pain and swelling.
  • Trauma - A blow to the jaw or face may cause the gums to swell and become sore.
  • Chemotherapy - Cancer treatments can cause inflammation and soreness in the oral tissue.
  • Medications - Some medications can cause a reaction in the mouth, leading to sore gums.

Treatment of Sore Gums

Treatment of sore gums usually depends on the cause of the problem. Generally, proper oral hygiene and regular dental visits are the best way to prevent and treat sore gums. If the gums are sore from an allergic reaction or infection, antibiotic medications may be prescribed by a dentist or doctor. In some cases, surgical treatments such as bone or tissue grafts may be necessary to reduce inflammation and pain.