Severe Allergic Asthma

Severe Allergic Asthma

Severe allergic asthma is a type of asthma that is characterized by severe reactions to allergens in the environment, such as pollen, dust mites, and pet dander. It is a chronic condition that progresses over time and can lead to serious complications and even death. To help manage and alleviate the symptoms of severe allergic asthma, it is important to understand the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options available.


The main cause of severe allergic asthma is exposure to allergens in the environment. The most common allergens are pollen, dust mites, and pet dander. In addition, some people are sensitive or allergic to chemicals and other environmental toxins.


Symptoms of severe allergic asthma include:

  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness
  • Fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Difficulty sleeping


Diagnosis of severe allergic asthma is based on a patient's medical history, physical exam, and laboratory tests. A physical exam may include listening to the chest with a stethoscope for wheezing, which is a sign of asthma. Laboratory tests may include a complete blood count, chest X-ray, and tests to measure the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the bloodstream.


Treatment of severe allergic asthma involves avoiding exposure to allergens and controlling symptoms with medication. Medications commonly used to treat asthma include inhaled corticosteroids, which help reduce inflammation in the airways, and bronchodilators, which relax the muscles in the airways and allow air to flow more easily. Over-the-counter medications such as antihistamines and decongestants can also help reduce symptoms. Some patients may also need to use oxygen therapy or other treatments to help manage their condition.