Scaly skin of the scalp

What Causes Scaly Skin on the Scalp?

Scaly skin on the scalp, otherwise known as seborrheic dermatitis, is a common form of eczema characterized by overactive oil glands and flaky patches of skin. The cause of this condition is not fully understood, but is thought to be related to hormonal changes, stress, immune system issues, an overgrowth of yeast, and even genetics. Here are some of the most common causes of scaly skin on the scalp.

1. Hormonal Fluctuations

Hormonal fluctuations, especially during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, can cause an increase in the amount of sebum – the oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands. This can lead to blocked pores, an ideal breeding environment for the overgrowth of yeast, which can aggravate the skin on the scalp and cause symptoms such as scaly patches.

2. Stress

Stress can also exacerbate scaly skin on the scalp as it disrupts the balance of hormones and weakens the immune system. When our immune system is in a weakened state, we become more vulnerable to infections and irritations, which can lead to an inflammation of the scalp.

3. Nutrition Deficiencies and Allergies

Nutritional deficiencies and allergies can also contribute to scaly skin on the scalp. A lack of certain vitamins and minerals can cause an imbalance in the skin’s pH levels, which can lead to an overproduction of sebum and an ideal breeding environment for yeast and other microbes. Food allergies can also cause an inflammatory response in the skin, resulting in scaly patches.

4. Genetics

Genetics can also play a role in the development of scaly skin on the scalp. Eczema can often run in families and those who have a family history of this condition are more likely to experience eczema-like symptoms such as scaly skin on the scalp.

Tips for Treating Scaly Skin on the Scalp

Treating scaly skin of the scalp involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medical treatments. Here are some tips to help you manage this condition:

  • Keep your scalp clean and dry to reduce the risk of infection and irritation.
  • Avoid aggravating ingredients such as sulfates and fragrances that can cause itching, inflammation, and irritation.
  • Use fragrance-free and mild soaps when washing your hair.
  • Avoid harsh scrubbing of the skin.
  • Eat a healthy diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants to promote healthy skin.
  • Manage stress levels through relaxation techniques.
  • Try natural remedies such as aloe vera and coconut oil.
  • See a dermatologist for prescription medications or other treatments.