Keloid Scars

What You Need to Know About Keloid Scars

Keloid scars are raised, thickened scars that form when too much collagen forms during the healing of a skin wound or trauma. They often develop larger than the original wound and can extend beyond the edges of the original wound. They are typically red or purple in color and may be itchy or even tender to the touch.

Causes of Keloid Scars

Keloid scars are most common on the chest, back, cheeks, and ears. They generally occur when there’s an excessive amount of collagen production during the healing process after a skin injury, such as a burn, acne, chicken pox, or surgery. They may also occur after ear piercing.

Treatment of Keloid Scars

Treatment for keloid scars varies and can include any of the following:

  • Steroid injections
  • Topical medications
  • Laser therapy
  • Surgery
  • Cryotherapy (freezing)

If you have keloid scars, talk to your doctor about the best treatment options for you.

Prevention of Keloid Scars

Since it’s not known why some individuals develop keloid scars, there’s no sure way to completely prevent them. However, you can help reduce your risk by avoiding any unnecessary skin trauma.

If you must undergo a minor surgery or ear piercing, tell your doctor you’re prone to keloids, as they may be able to suggest a treatment prior to the procedure to lessen the risk of developing them.