Bone Metastases

Bone Metastases: What Causes it and How to Treat It

Bone metastases is a form of advanced cancer, which occurs when cancer cells travel through the blood and settle in the bones. Bone metastases can occur in any part of the skeleton, but it’s most commonly found in the backbone, ribs, pelvis, and long bones of the arms and legs. In some cases, it can even spread to the skull.

Most often, the types of cancer that cause bone metastases are breast, lung, prostate and kidney cancers. While bone metastases can make it difficult to walk and can cause severe pain, it can be managed with the right treatment plan.

What Causes Bone Metastases?

Bone metastases is caused by cancer cells that spread, or metastasize, from the primary cancer site and settle in the bones. The cancer cells travel through the bloodstream and take up residence in the bones. The bones can become weakened and painful as a result.

How to Treat Bone Metastases

Treating bone metastases requires a comprehensive plan that addresses both the physical and emotional toll the condition can have. Common treatments and strategies include:

  • Pain management
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Surgery
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Bisphosphonate therapy
  • Corticosteroid therapy
  • Complementary therapies

Your doctor will work with you to determine the best treatment plan for your individual needs. It’s important to keep in mind that bone metastases can be managed with treatment, so it’s important to talk to your doctor about all of your options.