Increased Intra Ocular Pressure (IOP)

Increased Intra Ocular Pressure (IOP)

Increased Intra Ocular Pressure (IOP) is a medical condition where the pressure within the eye is higher than normal. It is also known as ocular hypertension. It can lead to a variety of complications such as glaucoma, optic nerve damage, and blindness. It is considered a serious medical condition and should be managed carefully.

Causes of Increased IOP

The most common cause of increased IOP is related to an imbalance between the fluids produced inside the eye and the fluid that exits. Another potential cause is related to the buildup of scar tissue in the eye, obstructing the drainage of fluid.

Symptoms of Increased IOP

  • Unusual or severe pain in the eyes.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Halos around lights.
  • Headaches.
  • Sudden vision loss.

Risk Factors

Risk factors for IOP include age, family history, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes or short-sightedness. Additionally, certain medications can increase the risk, such as corticosteroids, hydrochlorothiazide, and topical beta-blockers.


Treatment of IOP is based on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. In mild cases, treatment may include lifestyle changes such as avoiding activities that increase eye strain. If the condition is more serious, treatment may include medications such as ocular hypotensives or surgery. Eye drops may also be recommended to reduce the pressure.


To reduce the risk of increased IOP, it is important to manage any existing medical conditions, pay attention to any eye pain, and refrain from activities that may strain the eye. Additionally, regular eye examinations are important for detecting changes in IOP.