Relapsed Wilm's tumor

Relapsed Wilm’s Tumor: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Wilm’s tumor, also known as nephroblastoma, is a type of childhood cancer that develops in the kidneys. Although the disease is rare, it is the most common type of kidney cancer diagnosed in children younger than age 15. Treatment for Wilm’s tumor can be successful, but when the cancer returns after treatment, it is known as “relapsed” Wilm’s tumor.

Causes of Relapsed Wilm’s Tumor

Although the exact causes of Wilm’s tumor are not known, experts believe that genetics play a role. A small number of children may be born with a gene mutation that is responsible for their increased risk of Wilm’s tumor. Other potential factors include infection, genetics, or environmental exposure to toxins or radiation.

Relapsed Wilm’s tumor is the result of cancer cells that were not destroyed or eradicated by the initial treatment regimen. Tumors can relapse after treatment for a variety of reasons, including:

  • The cancer cells were resistant to traditional chemotherapy.
  • The tumor had metastasized when it was first discovered.
  • The cancer was not adequately treated the first time.
  • The cancer cells were able to survive in the body despite treatment.

Symptoms of Relapsed Wilm’s Tumor

The symptoms of relapsed Wilm’s tumor are similar to those of the original tumor. These symptoms may include:

  • Lumps or swelling in the abdomen
  • Blood in the urine
  • Belly pain
  • Fever
  • Fatigue or paleness
  • Lack of appetite and weight loss
  • High blood pressure

Treatment of Relapsed Wilm’s Tumor

Treatment of relapsed Wilm’s tumor typically involves a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. If the tumor has spread to other parts of the body, chemotherapy and immunotherapy may also be recommended. The physician will develop an individualized treatment plan that is tailored to the child’s needs. The goal of treatment is to eradicate the cancer and reduce the risk of recurrence.

It is important for parents to remember that treatment of relapsed Wilm’s tumor can be successful even when the disease has returned. With the right care and treatment, children can go on to live healthy, active lives.