Pulmonary Infections

Pulmonary Infections

Pulmonary infections are a group of conditions that affect the lungs. They are caused by a variety of viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. The conditions can range from mild and self-limiting to more severe and life-threatening.

The most common types of pulmonary infections include:

  • Influenza
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Pleurisy
  • Lung abscess
  • Bronchitis
  • Asthma
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

The symptoms of pulmonary infections range from mild to severe. Common symptoms include fever, cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, loss of appetite, and weight loss. In more severe cases, the patient may experience confusion, seizures, and respiratory failure.

The diagnosis of a pulmonary infection is usually determined through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. X-rays, chest CT scans, and sputum cultures may be used to determine the cause of the infection.

Treatment options vary depending on the type and cause of the infection, but may include medications, immunizations, oxygen therapy, and, in some cases, surgery. Some pulmonary infections respond well to antibiotics, while others may require antiviral or antifungal medications.