Polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Polyarticular Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: What You Need to Know

Polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, also known as polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is an autoimmune disease characterized by joint pain, stiffness, swelling, and reduced range of motion. It is most common in children and affects boys and girls equally.

Polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is a type of arthritis and is a form of chronic inflammation. It can lead to permanent joint damage if left untreated. Common symptoms include:

  • Joint pain that is worse in the morning
  • Stiff joints
  • Swelling of the joints
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue

Diagnosis of polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis generally begins with a physical exam and review of medical history. Blood tests, x-rays, and other imaging tests are often done to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment typically involves anti-inflammatory medications and, in some cases, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Physical therapy and lifestyle changes may also help reduce symptoms and improve joint function.

It is important for parents of children with polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis to be aware of the disease and its possible long-term effects on their child's joints and overall health. Working closely with health care providers to create an individualized treatment plan can help improve a child's quality of life.