Ocular edema

What Is Ocular Edema and What Causes It?

Ocular edema is an eye condition in which the walls of your eyes swell with fluid. This can lead to reduced vision and blurred vision. Ocular edema can be caused by a number of diseases or conditions, such as glaucoma, diabetes, or high blood pressure. It can also be caused by certain medications, trauma or infection of the eye or its surrounding tissues, and allergies.

Symptoms of Ocular Edema

The primary symptom of ocular edema is blurred vision caused by the accumulated fluid, although it may also cause eye redness, a sensitivity to light, and floaters or halos around objects. Prompt treatment is of the utmost importance. It is important to seek care from your eye doctor if you suspect you may have ocular edema.

What Are the Treatment Options?

The treatment for ocular edema depends upon the underlying cause. When the condition is associated with inflammation, medications such as corticosteroids may be prescribed. Laser treatment may be recommended to help reduce the fluid. When the condition is caused by glaucoma, medications may be prescribed to reduce fluid production, which may reduce the swelling.

Preventing Ocular Edema

The best way to prevent ocular edema is to practice good eye health. This includes exercising regularly, avoiding smoking, and eating a healthy diet. Wearing sunglasses when outdoors can help to protect your eyes from the sun’s rays. It is important to get regular eye exams to detect any eye problems early.

Complications of Ocular Edema

If left untreated, ocular edema can lead to serious complications, including permanent vision loss. It can also lead to increased risk of infection, due to the build-up of fluid in the eye, and can decrease the effectiveness of medications used to treat other eye conditions.

When to Seek Medical Care

If you experience any of the symptoms of ocular edema, it is important to schedule an appointment with your eye care provider as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to avoid any serious complications. Your doctor will do a thorough eye exam, and may also order imaging studies or blood tests to diagnose the underlying cause.


Ocular edema is an eye condition in which the walls of your eyes swell with fluid, causing blurred vision and other symptoms. It can be caused by various diseases or conditions, as well as certain medications. Treatment depends upon the underlying cause, and may include medications or laser treatment. It is important to practice good eye health to help prevent the condition, and seek care from your eye doctor if you experience any symptoms.