Ocular allergic reactions

What Are Ocular Allergic Reactions?

Ocular allergic reactions occur when the eye and surrounding tissue become inflamed due to an allergic reaction from certain substances. These reactions may include eye redness, irritation, watering, itching, and swelling of the eyelids. Ocular allergies are also known as allergic conjunctivitis.

What Causes Ocular Allergic Reactions?

Ocular allergies are typically caused by exposure to airborne allergens like pollen or dust mites. Other substances that may trigger an ocular allergic reaction include animal dander, fragrances, mold, and smoke. In some cases, the allergen may be an ingredient in certain eye products, such as eyeliner or mascara.

What Are the Symptoms of Ocular Allergic Reactions?

The most common symptoms of ocular allergies include eye redness, itchiness, and watering. Other symptoms may include swelling of the eyes, affected skin around the eyes, and/or dark circles under the eyes. In severe cases, vision may be impaired.

How Are Ocular Allergic Reactions Diagnosed and Treated?

Ocular allergies are typically diagnosed based on symptoms and medical history. A physical examination and skin prick test may also be done to determine what allergen is triggering the reaction. Treatment options may include antihistamines, eye drops, decongestants, and steroids. If the allergen is environmental, managing the environment to reduce exposure may be recommended.

What Are Some Tips for Preventing Ocular Allergic Reactions?

  • Avoid contact with known allergens such as pollen, pet dander, dust, mold, and smoke.
  • Wear sunglasses outdoors to reduce exposure to pollen.
  • Keep windows and doors closed during seasonal allergy months.
  • Keep the environment clean by dusting and vacuuming frequently.
  • Use a saline nasal spray to nourish nasal passages.
  • Choose non-irritating cosmetics and hygiene products.