Neutropenia aggravated

Understanding Neutropenia

Neutropenia is a condition where the number of neutrophils in the blood is significantly lower than what is considered a normal. Neutrophils are one type of white blood cell that helps the body fight off infections. A person with neutropenia has a higher risk of serious infection since their body does not have an adequate defense system to protect against bacterial, viral and fungal infections.

Types of Neutropenia

Neutropenia can be classified into two types:

  • Acquired Neutropenia – This type of neutropenia is caused by an underlying medical condition such as chemotherapy, HIV, AIDS, or other diseases, and treatments such as antibiotics or immunosuppressive drugs.
  • Congenital Neutropenia – This type of neutropenia is present at birth due to genetic mutations, which means it runs in families.

Symptoms of Neutropenia

Common symptoms that may occur in people with neutropenia include:

  • Frequent and/or recurring infections
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Joint pain
  • Skin rashes

Complications of Neutropenia

Neutropenia left untreated can lead to serious complications, including:

  • Sepsis or severe infection of the blood
  • Pneumonia
  • Organ damage due to infection
  • Cancer of the white blood cells
  • Death

Treatment for Neutropenia

Treatment for neutropenia depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, the condition may resolve on its own if the underlying cause is treated. Other treatments may include:

  • Antibiotics to treat or prevent infections and promote the growth of neutrophils
  • Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor medications to stimulate the production of white blood cells
  • Immunoglobulin therapy to help the body fight off infections
  • Other medications, such as antifungal drugs, antiviral drugs, and chemotherapy