What is Neuropathy?

Neuropathy is a condition that affects the peripheral nerves — the nerves that carry information from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body, such as the hands and feet. When these nerves are damaged, it can cause a range of uncomfortable symptoms, including pain, tingling, burning, or numbness in the affected area.

Causes of Neuropathy

Neuropathy has many potential causes, including:

  • Diabetes
  • Vitamin deficiency
  • Infection or illness
  • Toxins like alcohol or certain drugs
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Injury

Symptoms of Neuropathy

The symptoms of neuropathy depend on which nerves are affected and how severely they are damaged. Common symptoms include:

  • Pain or burning
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Weakness
  • Balance problems
  • Loss of reflexes
  • Loss of sensation in the affected area

Treating Neuropathy

The treatment of neuropathy depends on its underlying cause. Treatments may include medication, lifestyle changes, physical therapy, or surgery. Treatment can also help relieve the symptoms of neuropathy, such as pain, numbness, and tingling.