Musculoskeletal spasms

Muscloskeletal Spasms: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Musculoskeletal spasms, or muscle spasms, refer to abrupt, involuntary movements or contractions of a muscle or group of muscles. Spasms are usually caused by fatigue, stress, dehydration, or strain, and can be either mild or debilitating. They can affect any muscles in the body, including the neck, back, and legs. Fortunately, there are treatment options available to help manage and alleviate spasm pain.

Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Spasms

In general, the main symptom of musculoskeletal spasms is an unexpected and intense contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. The affected area can also be sore or tender to the touch. Depending on the location and severity of the spasm, other symptoms can include difficulty and pain when trying to move the affected area, tingling or numbness, and muscle weakness. In extreme cases, the affected area may even become immobilized, making it difficult or impossible to move.

Causes of Musculoskeletal Spasms

The primary causes of musculoskeletal spasms are excessive strain or fatigue. Activities that require repetitive motion or muscle strain can lead to buildup of lactic acid in the muscles. This causes the muscles to contract and can become severe enough to cause a spasm. Dehydration, deficiency in certain vitamins and minerals, and dust or pollen allergies can also trigger spasms.

Treatment for Musculoskeletal Spasms

To help reduce and relieve muscle spasms, you should take the following steps:

  • Drink plenty of fluids to hydrate and reduce inflammation.
  • Gently massage the affected area to help relax the muscle.
  • Apply heat or cold to the affected area to reduce inflammation.
  • Take an over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen or aspirin.
  • Get regular exercise to strengthen your muscles and keep them flexible.
  • See a doctor if the spasms do not resolve with home treatment.

Your doctor may recommend physical therapy to strengthen the affected muscles, or prescription medications to reduce the muscle spasms. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to reduce the intensity and frequency of spasms.


Musculoskeletal spasms are usually the result of excessive strain or fatigue, but can also be caused by certain allergies or vitamin deficiencies. While home treatment such as heat, cold, massage, and hydration is often enough to reduce and relieve symptoms, more severe cases may require prescription medications or even surgery. If you are experiencing muscle spasms, it is important to seek help from a medical professional so that an appropriate treatment plan can be developed.