Understanding Contraception: Types and Benefits

With the majority of contraceptive methods being readily available, it can be easy to forget that contraception is an important part of fertility and health. It helps prevent unexpected pregnancies and the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It's important to know the various types of contraception and the positive effects they provide.

Types of Contraception

The different forms of contraception that are available can be broken down into two main categories: non-hormonal contraception and hormonal contraception. It is important to consider the advantages and disadvantages of both.

  • Non-Hormonal Contraception

    Non-hormonal contraception does not contain any hormones and typically works by preventing sperm from reaching the egg. Common non-hormonal contraceptive options include condoms, diaphragms, spermicides, sponges, and the intrauterine device (IUD).

  • Hormonal Contraception

    Hormonal contraceptives use hormones to prevent ovulation, change cervical mucus, and thicken the uterine lining to stop sperm from fertilizing an egg. Pills, implants, injections, and patches are all hormonal contraceptive methods.

Benefits of Contraception

  • Regulates menstrual cycle: Hormonal contraception can help regulate menstrual cycles and reduce menstrual cramps and heavy bleeding.

  • Reduces risk of cancer: Doctors believe that hormonal contraception can reduce the risk of endometrial and ovarian cancers.

  • Combats acne: Hormonal contraception helps to reduce the severity of acne in some patients.

  • Prevents pregnancy: Most forms of contraception are highly effective at preventing pregnancy.

  • Protects against STIs: Condoms are the only form of contraception that protect against STIs, however, other forms of contraception can still help minimize the risk.


When it comes to fertility and health, contraception is an important part of the equation. Knowing the different types of contraception and their benefits is key in helping patients make informed decisions about their reproductive health.