Bronchial airway hyperreactivity

What is Bronchial Airway Hyperreactivity?

Bronchial airway hyperreactivity is a condition where the airways of the lungs respond too quickly, too late, or too strongly to irritants that are breathed in. Symptoms include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and rapid shallow breathing. This condition can cause asthma attacks or can be a sign of an underlying condition such as allergies, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or chronic bronchitis. People with bronchial airway hyperreactivity are said to have bronchial asthma.

The exact cause of bronchial hyperactivity is often unknown, although it is believed to be related to an abnormality in the cells or tissue of the airways, as well as environmental factors such as allergens, pollutants, and stress.

Symptoms of Bronchial Hyperactivity

Symptoms of bronchial hyperactivity can vary and can include:

  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness
  • Rapid shallow breathing
  • Recurrent attacks of asthma or bronchitis


Treatment for bronchial airway hyperreactivity will depend on the cause and the severity of the condition. Treatment options can include:

  • Medications such as bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, and leukotriene modifiers.
  • avoiding allergens and irritants
  • Avoiding air pollutants, such as second-hand smoke or indoor air pollution.
  • Engaging in physical activities that improve breathing, such as yoga and tai chi.

It's important to speak with your doctor about the best treatment options for your particular case.