Moderate Restless Legs Syndrome

What is Moderate Restless Legs Syndrome?

Moderate Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a neurological condition characterized by an irresistible urge to move the legs; the urge is often described as a crawling, tingling, prickling, pins and needles sensation. People affected by RLS are unable to keep still for long, as the urge to move is often so strong that it is nearly impossible to ignore. This often causes sleep disturbances.

Symptoms of Moderate Restless Legs Syndrome

  • Frequent tingling, burning, itching, throbbing, aching, or stabbing sensation in the legs, feet, calves, or thighs
  • Sensations that are worse in the evening and night, and relief by movement or massage
  • Sleep disturbances caused by the urge to move the legs or an inability to stay still in bed
  • Daytime drowsiness and fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • The sensations only occur in one leg or alternating legs

Diagnosing Moderate Restless Legs Syndrome

If you have experienced any of the symptoms of RLS, it is important to make an appointment with your doctor to discuss your symptoms and get a proper diagnosis. Your doctor may listen to your account of the symptoms you are experiencing and give a physical examination or order additional tests to look for any underlying causes or conditions. Tests that may be performed include blood tests to check for mineral and vitamin deficiencies, nerve conduction tests, and an EMG.

Treating Moderate Restless Legs Syndrome

There is no cure for RLS, however, there are treatments available that can help improve the symptoms and help you get better sleep. The most common treatments include:

  • Medications such as dopaminergic drugs, gabapentin, and opioids to help reduce the sensations
  • Physical and occupational therapy to help reduce pain and stiffness
  • Relaxation techniques like stretching, yoga, and massage to increase circulation and reduce tension
  • Reduction in caffeine, alcohol, and smoking
  • Consistent exercise to strengthen leg muscles and promote better circulation