Moderate Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

What is Moderate Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis?

Moderate Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive lung condition characterized by thickening and scarring of the lungs. It is typically seen in adults aged 50-70, although it can occur in other age groups. IPF is caused by an unknown process, so it is classified as an idiopathic disease. The condition gradually limits the patient's ability to properly oxygenate the blood, leading to a variety of respiratory symptoms.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms of IPF can vary from case to case, however some common symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Feeling of tightness in the chest
  • Exacerbation of symptoms with physical activity or exercise


Diagnosis of Moderate Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis requires a physical examination, including assessment of a person’s respiratory symptoms and existing medical history. The doctor may also order further tests such as high-resolution computed tomography (or CT scan), which can help to identify various abnormalities in the lungs. A lung biopsy can also be done, which involves taking a small sample of tissue for examination under a microscope.


There is currently no cure for Moderate Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. Treatment focuses on providing relief from symptoms and slowing the progression of the disease. Some common treatment options include:

  • Oxygen therapy
  • Medications to reduce inflammation
  • Exercise and physical therapy
  • Quitting smoking
  • Surgery to remove damaged tissue in the lungs


Moderate Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis is a serious condition that affects a person’s ability to breathe. If left untreated, IPF can be fatal. It is important for individuals to be aware of the signs and symptoms of the disease and to seek professional medical treatment if they experience any of the common symptoms. With early diagnosis and treatment, IPF can be managed, slowing the progression of the disease and allowing for a better quality of life.