Moderate Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Understanding Moderate Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Hidradenitis suppurativa is a common but relatively unknown disorder. It is a chronic skin condition that causes inflammation, redness and pain around the body’s sweat glands. It is most common in the armpit and groin areas, hence its other name — apocrine gland disorder. Although the exact cause of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is unknown, it generally believed to be linked to hair follicles becoming blocked and infected.

The symptoms of this disorder vary in severity, with severe cases requiring more intense treatment. Mild hidradenitis suppurativa can often be managed with lifestyle changes. Moderate hidradenitis suppurativa, meanwhile, requires the use of more extensive treatments such as corticosteroids, antibiotics, and anti-inflammatory medications.

Symptoms Of Moderate Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Swelling and redness of the affected areas are some of the most common symptoms of moderate hidradenitis suppurativa. In some cases, boils, cysts and blackheads can also present, and these may be painful or tender. Open lesions or sinus tracts may also form, resulting in an unpleasant odor or discharge. Additionally, moderate HS can cause scarring and contractures of the affected area.

Treatment Options For Moderate Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The treatment for moderate hidradenitis suppurativa is based on the severity of the symptoms. In mild cases, topical and oral treatments, such as corticosteroids, antibiotics, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the main treatment options. More aggressive treatments, such as biologic drugs, surgery, and laser therapy, may be recommended for more severe cases.

Lifestyle Changes For Moderate Hidradenitis Suppurativa

In addition to medical treatments, lifestyle modifications can also help improve the symptoms of moderate hidradenitis suppurativa. Strategies that can help include:

  • Maintaining good hygiene, such as bathing regularly and changing clothes after exercise.
  • Using mild cleansers and avoiding fragrances on the skin.
  • Avoiding tight-fitting garments and extra heat around the affected area.
  • Keeping the affected area dry by using absorbent gauzes or other moisture-wicking garments.
  • Using topical creams or ointments to moisturize the skin and reduce inflammation.
  • Avoiding contact with irritants such as smoking and certain types of cosmetics.
  • Losing weight and eating a healthy, balanced diet.

By following these lifestyle recommendations, people with HS can manage their symptoms and reduce their risk of flare-ups.