moderate Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

What is Moderate Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)?

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is a mild to moderate infection of the vagina caused by an excessive growth of one or more types of bacteria. BV is the most common vaginal infection for women of all ages and is caused by an imbalance in the natural bacteria that grow in the vagina.

The most common symptoms of BV are a white or gray odorous discharge (normal vaginal discharge has a mild odor), a burning sensation during urination and itching or burning in the vaginal area. It is important to note that there may be no symptoms with this infection.

What Causes Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)?

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) occurs when there is an imbalance of natural bacteria in the vagina. This can be caused by sexual activity, pH imbalances, douching, and certain types of antibiotics. It is important to note that BV is not an STI (sexually transmitted infection).

Treatment for Moderate Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

Treatment for moderate BV is usually simple and can include any of the following:

  • Antibiotics by mouth or as a cream.
  • Probiotics to restore healthy bacteria in the vagina.
  • Changing soaps or feminine hygiene products.
  • Avoiding douching.

If symptoms worsen or if treatment is not successful, a doctor may recommend other treatment options.

Preventing Moderate Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

There are ways to help prevent the recurrence of moderate BV. The following are some tips to reduce the risk of developing BV:

  • Maintain good hygiene, shower often and use mild soap when showering or bathing.
  • Wear loose fitting clothing and avoid tight fitting underwear or pants.
  • Avoid douching or using perfumes in the vaginal area.
  • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption.
  • See your doctor if you experience any signs of an infection.