Mild Musculoskeletal Disorder

What is a Mild Musculoskeletal Disorder?

A mild musculoskeletal disorder (MMD) is a disorder that affects the body’s muscles, bones, ligaments and tendons. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, stiffness, instability and weakness. MMD can be caused by a single traumatic event, but it also can be caused by repetitive activity over time. MMD can affect people of all ages, although it is more common in adults.

Types of Mild Musculoskeletal Disorders

Common types of mild musculoskeletal disorder include tendinitis, bursitis, tendinosis, muscle strains, ligament sprains/tears, joint pain, cartilage degeneration, and enthesopathy (pain caused by tendon, ligament, and cartilage attachment points).

Symptoms of Mild Musculoskeletal Disorders

Symptoms of MMD vary depending on the underlying cause, but can include:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Instability
  • Weakness
  • Impaired Range of Motion
  • Difficulty with daily tasks

Causes of Mild Musculoskeletal Disorders

MMD can be caused by a single traumatic event, such as a fall or car accident, but it can also be caused by a combination of factors, including:

  • Repetitive Activity: Repetitive motions can cause tiny tears in muscles and other tissues. Over time, these tears can accumulate and result in MMD.
  • Age-related changes: Age-related changes in the body can lead to muscle weakness, imbalances in muscle tone, joint stiffness, and tissue damage.
  • Poor Posture: Poor posture can lead to muscle strains, ligament sprains, and joint pain.
  • Lack of Exercise: Lack of exercise can lead to muscle weakness and imbalance, as well as joint stiffness.
  • Incorrect Form: During physical activity, using incorrect form can put unnecessary strain on muscles and joints.
  • Nutrient Deficiencies: Nutrient deficiencies can lead to muscle weakness and imbalance.

Treating Mild Musculoskeletal Disorders

Treatment for MMD depends on the underlying cause, but can include rest, physical therapy, exercise, braces or splints, over-the-counter pain medications, and sometimes surgery. For repetitive strain injuries, alternative treatments such as yoga, massage, and acupuncture may be recommended.