Malignant breast disease

What is Malignant Breast Disease?

Breast cancer, also known as malignant breast disease, is a type of cancer that begins in the cells of the breast. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but it is much more common in women. It is one of the most common forms of cancer, and is the second leading cause of cancer death in women, after lung cancer.

Breast cancer is caused by uncontrolled growth of cells in the breast. It can start in the lining of the milk ducts, sometimes called ductal carcinoma, or from the cells that line the lobules, which are tiny glands that produce milk, called lobular carcinoma. In some cases, cancer can spread via lymphatic vessels to other parts of the body. Despite these differences in location, all breast cancer types are treated similarly.

What Are the Symptoms of Malignant Breast Disease?

Cancer at any stage can be symptomless. However, if a tumor is present, there are some signs and symptoms you should watch out for:

  • A newly inverted nipple
  • A lump or thickening in the breast or armpit
  • Changes in the size or shape of the breast
  • Bloody or clear discharge from the nipple
  • A scaly, red, or swollen area of skin on the breast or nipple

These signs and symptoms can be due to cancer, but it is important to note that they can also be caused by other medical conditions. That is why it is important to consult with a doctor if any such signs or symptoms are present.

Diagnosing Malignant Breast Disease

In order to diagnose breast cancer, the doctor will perform a physical examination of the breast and take a medical history. The doctor may also order additional tests such as an x-ray, MRI, or mammogram to determine if a tumor is present. If a tumor is detected, a biopsy will be performed to further examine the tissue and determine if cancer cells are present.

Treatment Options for Malignant Breast Disease

Treatment for breast cancer will depend on the type, stage, and extent of the cancer. Surgery is one of the most common treatments for breast cancer and can involve removing the tumor, or in certain cases, the entire breast. Additional treatment options may include chemotherapy, radiation, and hormone therapy. In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be recommended.

It is important to talk to a doctor about which treatment is best for the individual. Additionally, individuals should also seek out support from family, friends, and other support systems during and after treatment.