Polymyalgia Rheumatica

What is Polymyalgia Rheumatica?

Polymyalgia Rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness in the shoulders, neck, and hips. It is a type of autoimmune disease, which means that the body’s own immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. This causes inflammation in the affected area, leading to muscle stiffness and pain. Polymyalgia Rheumatica typically affects people over the age of 50, and is more common in women.

Symptoms of Polymyalgia Rheumatica

The symptoms of Polymyalgia Rheumatica vary from person to person, but can include:

  • Stiffness and pain in the shoulders, neck, and hips
  • Difficulty sleeping due to pain and stiffness
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Low-grade fever
  • Depression

Treatment for Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Treatment for Polymyalgia Rheumatica typically involves a combination of medications and lifestyle changes. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be prescribed to reduce pain and inflammation. Steroids may also be prescribed to reduce inflammation and swelling. In some cases, light exercise can be beneficial to improve range of motion and reduce stiffness.

In addition to medications and exercise, lifestyle changes can also help reduce the severity of symptoms. Eating a healthy diet and getting enough sleep can help reduce fatigue and improve overall health. Relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, and massage can also help reduce stress and pain.