Locally Advanced Urothelial Cancer

What is Locally Advanced Urothelial Cancer?

Urothelial cancer, also known as transitional cell carcinoma, is a type of cancer that affects the lining of the urinary system (including the bladder, kidneys, and the tubes that connect them). When it is in the early stages of development, it is referred to as “locally advanced”, meaning that it has begun to spread outside of the organ where it originated. This is a serious condition as it increases the chance of cancer cells spreading to other parts of the body.

It is important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of locally advanced urothelial cancer so that one can receive prompt medical attention. These may include:

  • Changes in urination, such as increased urgency, discomfort, or difficulty emptying the bladder.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Pelvic discomfort or pain that radiates to the lower back.
  • Lump in the abdomen that can be felt with the hands.
  • Diagnosis of locally advanced urothelial cancer can be confirmed with imaging techniques such as CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasounds. Once a diagnosis is made, treatment options can be discussed with a health care professional. These include:

  • Surgery: This is the most common type of treatment and is designed to remove tumors or cancerous cells from the affected area.
  • Radiation therapy: This is used to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors with high-energy X-rays.
  • Chemotherapy: This is used to kill cancer cells with chemical drugs that are administered orally or intravenously.
  • Immunotherapy: This is used to activate the body’s own immune system to fight cancer cells.
  • It is important to take the necessary precautionary steps to prevent locally advanced urothelial cancer from developing or becoming worse. These include:

  • Drinking plenty of fluids and exercising regularly to maintain a healthy bladder.
  • Quitting smoking, as this is a risk factor for developing this type of cancer.
  • Avoiding contact with dangerous chemicals, as they can increase the risk of developing urothelial cancer.
  • Undergoing regular screenings and check-ups to detect any potential issues.
  • It is important to remember that early detection and prompt treatment can lead to better outcomes. Those affected by this disease should speak to a medical professional about their options for treatment and prevention.