Hypocalcemic tetany

Hypocalcemic Tetany - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hypocalcemic tetany is a metabolic disorder which is caused when the body has an insufficient amount of calcium, causing muscle spasms and other symptoms to occur. This condition is most commonly seen in infants who have yet to develop sufficient calcium stores, making them more prone to developing this disorder. It is essential for this condition to be treated quickly and effectively to prevent further complications.

Symptoms of Hypocalcemic Tetany

  • Muscle spasms and twitching
  • Muscle weakness and fatigue
  • numbness or tingling in the hands, feet or face
  • trembling or shaking of the muscles
  • cold, clammy skin
  • abnormal heart rate
  • difficulty speaking
  • sensitivity to loud noises
  • headache
  • anxiety or confusion

Causes of Hypocalcemic Tetany

The most common cause of hypocalcemic tetany is an imbalance of calcium and phosphorus in the body. This can be due to a variety of issues, including malnutrition, an insufficient intake of calcium, or an overproduction of hormones. Other possible causes include a Vitamin D deficiency, certain medications, or certain medical conditions.

Diagnosis of Hypocalcemic Tetany

In order to diagnose this condition, a doctor may need to conduct a physical exam, as well as laboratory tests such as blood and urine tests. The doctor may also order an x-ray or imaging tests such as a CT scan or MRI. If necessary, the doctor may also refer the patient to a specialist for further testing.

Treatment for Hypocalcemic Tetany

Treatment for this disorder typically involves a combination of medication and lifestyle changes. Some of the most commonly prescribed medications include calcium supplements and Vitamin D to correct the imbalance in the body. A doctor may also prescribe medications to help reduce muscle spasms and relax the muscles. Lifestyle modifications such as increasing dietary calcium intake, increasing exercise, and reducing stress levels can also help to reduce the symptoms of this disorder. In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to relieve certain symptoms.