House dust allergy

House Dust Allergies: What You Need To Know

Allergies to house dust are common and can be troublesome to manage. Knowing what to look for and understanding your options for treating your allergy can help you handle your symptoms more effectively.

Signs and Symptoms of House Dust Allergies

House dust allergies typically cause symptoms in the eyes, nose, and throat. If you have an allergy to house dust, you may experience sneezing, nasal itching, and a runny nose. You might also experience eye itching, redness, burning, tearing, and swelling. You may even notice sinus congestion or postnasal drip. More serious cases may result in asthma and difficulty breathing.

What Causes House Dust Allergies?

House dust is a combination of many things, including dust mites, molds, pet dander, pollens, and other microscopic particles. All of these can be inhaled and may cause an allergic reaction. Dust mites, in particular, are microscopic organisms that live in dust and feed on skin cells shed from humans and animals. These mites are believed to be one of the most common triggers of house dust allergies.

Managing House Dust Allergies

Unfortunately, there is no cure for a house dust allergy. The best way to manage your symptoms is to reduce your exposure to the allergens. Here are some tips to help reduce your exposure:

  • Keep your house clean. Vacuum often, especially carpeted areas, and use a damp cloth to clean hard surfaces.
  • Use dust mite covers for your mattress, pillows, and box spring. These are special mattress covers designed specifically to keep dust mites out.
  • Use air filters to reduce airborne allergens. HEPA filters are the most effective; however, they are more expensive and may require more frequent replacement.
  • Wash bedding in hot water at least once a week.
  • Avoid stuffed animals and fabric toys, which can trap dust and other allergens.
  • If you have pets, keep them out of the bedroom and off of furniture.
  • Dust and vacuum using a vacuum with a HEPA filter.
  • Keep humidity levels in your home low; dust mites thrive in moist environments.
  • If your allergy is severe, you may want to consider allergen immunotherapy (allergy shots). Speak with your doctor if this option is right for you.

By reducing your exposure to dust mites and other allergens, you can reduce your symptoms and manage your house dust allergy more effectively.