Ewing's Sarcoma

What is Ewing's Sarcoma?

Ewing's Sarcoma is a type of cancer that begins in the bones and soft tissues. It most commonly occurs in children and young adults, and while treatment may result in a successful outcome, it is important to have a comprehensive understanding of the condition.

Symptoms of Ewing Sarcoma

The most common symptom of Ewing Sarcoma is a small, painless lump or bump that may appear on or near the affected bone. Other common signs and symptoms can include:

  • Swelling
  • Fever
  • Bone and joint pain
  • Fatigue
  • Limping

Types of Ewing Sarcoma

Ewing Sarcoma can be divided into two main types: Ewing Sarcoma of bone, which occurs in bones, and extraosseous Ewing Sarcoma, which occurs in soft tissue outside of the bone.

Risk Factors and Causes of Ewing Sarcoma

The exact causes for Ewing Sarcoma are not known. However, there are certain factors that increase the risk of developing the condition. These risk factors include:

  • Being between the ages of 10 and 20
  • Having a family history of Ewing Sarcoma
  • Having certain genetic conditions or chromosomal abnormalities
  • Being exposed to radiation or certain chemicals

Diagnosis of Ewing Sarcoma

Ewing Sarcoma is diagnosed by a combination of tests. These may include imaging tests such as an MRI, X-ray, or CT scan. A biopsy may also be used to diagnose the condition. Blood tests may also be ordered by the doctor to look for certain markers of cancer.

Treatment for Ewing Sarcoma

Treatment for Ewing Sarcoma typically consists of a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Treatment may vary depending on the size, location, and type of sarcoma. Some patients may also be eligible for newer treatments such as targeted therapy. It is important to discuss treatment options with your doctor.