Ebola Virus Infection

What is Ebola Virus Infection?

Ebola virus infection is a rare and dangerous disease caused by infection with the Ebola virus. It is one of the viral haemorrhagic fevers, and is associated with high mortality rates in humans and non-human primates. Humans can become infected with the virus through contact with infected animals or through contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person.

Signs and Symptoms of Ebola Virus Infection

The signs and symptoms of Ebola virus infection can vary depending on the individual, but they can include:

  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Lack of appetite
  • Bruising and bleeding easily
  • Hiccups
  • Skin rash
  • Brief loss of consciousness
  • Confusion
  • Delirium

How is Ebola Virus Infection Diagnosed?

Ebola virus infection is diagnosed by laboratory tests such as virus culture, antigen detection tests, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. A blood sample is usually taken from the patient and then sent to a laboratory for testing. It may take several days for the results to come back, so it is important that a diagnosis is made as soon as possible.

How is Ebola Virus Infection Treated?

There is no specific treatment for Ebola virus infection, but supportive care, such as providing fluids and electrolytes, maintaining oxygen levels and blood pressure, and treating other infections, can help to reduce the symptoms and increase the chances of survival.

Preventing the Spread of Ebola Virus Infection

Preventing the spread of the Ebola virus is an important part of public health efforts. People should avoid contact with the body fluids of an infected person and practice good hand hygiene. Wearing personal protective equipment, such as gloves, face shields, and masks, is also important when caring for an infected person.