Cutaneous candidiasis

What is Cutaneous Candidiasis?

Cutaneous candidiasis is a fungal skin infection caused by a yeast-like fungus called Candida. Candida albicans is the most common species of fungus responsible for this type of infection. It commonly affects moist areas of the skin, such as folds in the skin, especially in the groin and underarms.

It generally appears as red, scaly, and itchy patches on the skin. Other symptoms may include swelling, burning, and small, fluid-filled blisters. The condition is usually mild and self-limiting, but severe cases may require a doctor’s care and treatment with antifungal medications.

Causes of Cutaneous Candidiasis

The fungus that causes cutaneous candidiasis lives on the skin, but an overgrowth of the organisms can cause infection. Factors that can increase the risk of developing the infection include:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • High-sugar diets
  • Wearing tight clothing
  • Having a weakened immune system
  • Using antibiotics
  • Having poor hygiene

Treating Cutaneous Candidiasis

Most mild cases of cutaneous candidiasis can be managed at home with over-the-counter medications. These include antifungal creams, sprays, liquids, lotions, and solutions. These medications should be applied to the affected area several times a day for at least two weeks. In more severe cases, a doctor may need to prescribe a stronger medication.

In addition to medication, it is important to practice good hygiene and avoid tight-fitting clothing and overly sweet foods. A doctor may also recommend dietary supplements, such as probiotics, to help restore the normal balance of bacteria in the digestive tract.