Pleural needle biopsy

What is Pleural Needle Biopsy?

A pleural needle biopsy is a medical procedure used to remove a sample of tissue from the lining of the lungs for analysis. It is used to diagnose various types of lung cancer, as well as other lung diseases. The procedure is usually performed by a medical professional in a doctor’s office or hospital setting.

Why is a Pleural Needle Biopsy Performed?

A pleural needle biopsy is performed to help diagnose various diseases of the lungs, such as cancer, mesothelioma, sarcoidosis, and other conditions. It may also be used to diagnose infections in the lungs or pleural space, such as tuberculosis.

When is a Pleural Needle Biopsy Used?

A pleural needle biopsy may be recommended when a person has symptoms such as chest pain, persistent cough, and shortness of breath. It may also be used if imaging studies, such as an X-ray or CT scan, suggest certain abnormalities in the lungs.

Types of Pleural Needle Biopsy

There are two main types of pleural needle biopsy:

  • Fine needle aspiration biopsy: This type of biopsy involves inserting a thin needle through the ribs to obtain a sample of tissue from the pleural space.
  • Core needle biopsy: This type of biopsy involves inserting a larger needle and obtaining a larger sample of tissue.

Preparation for a Pleural Needle Biopsy

Before a pleural needle biopsy, the person will need to provide a detailed medical history and may need to have imaging studies done prior to the procedure. The person should also inform their doctor of any medications, supplements, or herbal remedies they are taking.

Pleural Needle Biopsy Procedure

The pleural needle biopsy procedure usually takes about 30 minutes. The person will be asked to lie on their side and the doctor will make a small incision in the skin and insert a needle into the pleural space. The doctor will then move the needle back and forth to gather a sample of tissue. Once the sample is obtained, the needle is removed and the incision is closed with stitches or staples.

Risks Associated With Pleural Needle Biopsy

A pleural needle biopsy is a relatively safe procedure, but there are some risks associated with it. These include pain, infection, bleeding, and damage to the lungs. However, these complications are rare and the risks are minimal compared to the potential benefits of the procedure.

Follow-Up After a Pleural Needle Biopsy

After the pleural needle biopsy, the person may experience some soreness or pain in the area where the incision was made. The doctor may order follow-up imaging studies to monitor the area. The biopsy sample will be sent to a laboratory for analysis. The results of the laboratory test can take up to two weeks to be released.