Mammogram is a type of imaging that uses low-dose X-rays to look for any abnormality in the breast. It is often used to detect breast cancer at early stages when it is easily treatable. A mammogram is a simple non-invasive procedure that can save your life.


A mammogram does not take a long time to perform. However, it is important to prepare for it beforehand. Before the mammogram, you should talk to your doctor, inform them of any medical condition that you may be having, and prepare for the procedure. Here are some of the Mammogram preparation tips:

  • Wear comfortable clothes that can easily be removed.
  • If possible, go for a mammogram during the days when you are least painful.
  • Avoid wearing deodorant, lotion, or any other powder on the day of mammogram.
  • Don’t forget to get your medical records or past mammograms before your appointment.
  • Talk to your doctor and explain them your health history to assess if you should go for the test.


When you arrive for your mammogram, the radiology technician will ask you to change into a gown and stand against the machine. The technician will then place your breasts, one at a time, between two plastic plates. He or she will then press these plates together for a few seconds. This creates a flattened image of your breasts that can be used to detect any abnormalities. After the mammogram, you can change back to your clothes and leave the clinic.

Types of Mammogram Tests

Mammograms typically fall into two main types—screening and diagnostic mammographies.

  • Screening Mammograms: This type of mammogram is used to detect breast cancer in healthy women. It is usually done on women who do not have any signs or symptoms of breast cancer.
  • Diagnostic Mammograms: This type of mammogram is used to diagnose women who have signs or symptoms of breast cancer. It is usually done to confirm or exclude the presence of a suspicious breast change.

Risks and Benefits of Mammograms

Mammograms have some risks and benefits associated with them. Here are some of the risks and benefits of mammograms:

  • Risks: Mammograms increase your exposure to X-ray radiation. However, the risk of developing cancer from a mammogram is very small.
  • Benefits: Early detection of breast cancer is key to successful treatment. Mammograms can detect breast cancer at an early stage, when it is most treatable and curable.

When to Have a Mammogram?

Mammograms are recommended for all women starting from age 40 or 45. However, the exact age will depend on your risk factors. Some women may be advised to begin screening earlier than others, or to have extra tests along with the mammogram. Therefore, it is important to talk to your doctor about the right age to start your screening.


Mammograms are an important screening test for the early detection of breast cancer. It can help to detect breast cancer when it is most treatable and curable. The risk of developing cancer from a mammogram is very small. Talk to your doctor to determine when it is the best time for you to have a mammogram.